At first, learning theories developed by psychologists and tested directly on humans are not at school but uses animal testing. They assume that the results of the experiments will be applied to the human learning process for the school.
Accordingly, the activities tend to learn in the know as a psychological process, occurring within a person. It is therefore difficult to know exactly how it happened, because the process is so complex it timbulah learning theories.
This pioneering Gestalt theory is Chr. Von Ehrenfels, in his “Uber Gestaltqualitation” (1890). This emphasizes the importance of the overall flow is something that exceeds the number of element-element and the first arising from the parts. The followers of the flow of Gestalt psychology suggests a conception as opposed to the conception of other streams. For those who follow the flow of Gestalt’s development is a process of differentiation. In the process of differentiation was the primary is a whole, while the parts are secondary; the parts only have meaning as part of the whole in a functional relationship with other parts; overall there first, followed by the parts. For example if we met a friend for example, from kejahuan we are witnessing is not the first new clothes, but overall our friend and then later we see the existence of certain specific things such as new clothes.
Furthermore Wertheimer, a founder of the school in view of this proposed experiment on “Scheinbewegung” (pseudo motion) gives the conclusion, that the observations contained thing that exceeds the number of its elements. Research in the field of view optics is also in effect (the conclusions and principles) in other fields, such as for example in the field of learning.